One of the oldest superspeciality of dentistry orthodontic treatment or more commonly known as BRACES takes care of irregular teeth. Though the treatment is long (around 18-24 months) with recent advances the time is reduced to an extent and the final out come of the treatment oversees all yhe other aspects. This treatment not only changes the face of the patient but overall outlook of the patient towards life with an added confidence and smartness.
Orthodontic treatment can be divided into FOUR groups :
Early Orthodontics - (Interceptive)
Many cases if detected early at around 6-8 years of age can be treated effectively with braces only,which if left untreated at this age will need surgery along with braces adding to both cost & suffering to the patient. Moreover many bad oral habits like thumb sucking,nail biting,tongue thrusting and oral breathing can be corrected effectively at this age without causing permanent damage to the face.
The best age for orthodontic treatment for a normal growing child is this age as during this age maximum advantage of growth is taken to influence the skeletal pattern along with dental irregularities.
Common myth that braces are for children only is not true anymore. Whole new concept of adult orthodontics has evolved. Patients of any age if have good bone support can have braces and boost their personnel and social lives. With recent advances and variety of braces this treatment is favoured by many adults these days.
To accomplish optimal orthodontic treatment,oral surgery sometimes may be required. Jaw surgery along with orthodontic treatment is called ORTHOGNATHIC SURGERY. Patients who have congenital,developmental or acquired dentofacial abnormalities may require orthodontic alignment of teeth as well as surgical movement of either or both jaws to achieve proper function of teeth and beautiful face.
Types Of Braces :
Removable braces (plates)
For early orthodontics ,and for bad oral habit correction children need to wear these removable orthodontic appliances. These are to be removed while eating and brushing & are worn otherwise.
Can be either-#STEEL COLORED –most widely used, Or #CERAMIC (TOOTH COLOURED)-barely visible attached on to the tooth surface ,only a thin wire passing through is visible.